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//! Mechanism for inspecting the status of the kernel.
//!
//! In particular this provides functions for getting the status of processes
//! on the board. It potentially could be expanded to other kernel state.
//!
//! To restrict access on what can use this module, even though it is public (in
//! a Rust sense) so it is visible outside of this crate, the introspection
//! functions require the caller have the correct capability to call the
//! functions. This prevents arbitrary capsules from being able to use this
//! module, and only capsules that the board author has explicitly passed the
//! correct capabilities to can use it.

use core::cell::Cell;

use crate::callback::AppId;
use crate::capabilities::ProcessManagementCapability;
use crate::common::cells::NumericCellExt;
use crate::process;
use crate::sched::Kernel;

/// This struct provides the inspection functions.
pub struct KernelInfo {
    kernel: &'static Kernel,
}

impl KernelInfo {
    pub fn new(kernel: &'static Kernel) -> KernelInfo {
        KernelInfo { kernel: kernel }
    }

    /// Returns how many processes have been loaded on this platform. This is
    /// functionally equivalent to how many of the process slots have been used
    /// on the board. This does not consider what state the process is in, as
    /// long as it has been loaded.
    pub fn number_loaded_processes(&self, _capability: &dyn ProcessManagementCapability) -> usize {
        let count: Cell<usize> = Cell::new(0);
        self.kernel.process_each(|_| count.increment());
        count.get()
    }

    /// Returns how many processes are considered to be active. This includes
    /// processes in the `Running` and `Yield` states. This does not include
    /// processes which have faulted, or processes which the kernel is no longer
    /// scheduling because they have faulted too frequently or for some other
    /// reason.
    pub fn number_active_processes(&self, _capability: &dyn ProcessManagementCapability) -> usize {
        let count: Cell<usize> = Cell::new(0);
        self.kernel
            .process_each(|process| match process.get_state() {
                process::State::Running => count.increment(),
                process::State::Yielded => count.increment(),
                _ => {}
            });
        count.get()
    }

    /// Returns how many processes are considered to be inactive. This includes
    /// processes in the `Fault` state and processes which the kernel is not
    /// scheduling for any reason.
    pub fn number_inactive_processes(
        &self,
        _capability: &dyn ProcessManagementCapability,
    ) -> usize {
        let count: Cell<usize> = Cell::new(0);
        self.kernel
            .process_each(|process| match process.get_state() {
                process::State::Running => {}
                process::State::Yielded => {}
                _ => count.increment(),
            });
        count.get()
    }

    /// Get the name of the process.
    pub fn process_name(
        &self,
        app: AppId,
        _capability: &dyn ProcessManagementCapability,
    ) -> &'static str {
        self.kernel
            .process_map_or("unknown", app, |process| process.get_process_name())
    }

    /// Returns the number of syscalls the app has called.
    pub fn number_app_syscalls(
        &self,
        app: AppId,
        _capability: &dyn ProcessManagementCapability,
    ) -> usize {
        self.kernel
            .process_map_or(0, app, |process| process.debug_syscall_count())
    }

    /// Returns the number of dropped callbacks the app has experience.
    /// Callbacks can be dropped if the queue for the app is full when a capsule
    /// tries to schedule a callback.
    pub fn number_app_dropped_callbacks(
        &self,
        app: AppId,
        _capability: &dyn ProcessManagementCapability,
    ) -> usize {
        self.kernel
            .process_map_or(0, app, |process| process.debug_dropped_callback_count())
    }

    /// Returns the number of time this app has been restarted.
    pub fn number_app_restarts(
        &self,
        app: AppId,
        _capability: &dyn ProcessManagementCapability,
    ) -> usize {
        self.kernel
            .process_map_or(0, app, |process| process.get_restart_count())
    }

    /// Returns the number of time this app has exceeded its timeslice.
    pub fn number_app_timeslice_expirations(
        &self,
        app: AppId,
        _capability: &dyn ProcessManagementCapability,
    ) -> usize {
        self.kernel
            .process_map_or(0, app, |process| process.debug_timeslice_expiration_count())
    }

    /// Returns a tuple of the (the number of grants in the grant region this
    /// app has allocated, total number of grants that exist in the system).
    pub fn number_app_grant_uses(
        &self,
        app: AppId,
        _capability: &dyn ProcessManagementCapability,
    ) -> (usize, usize) {
        // Just need to get the number, this has already been finalized, but it
        // doesn't hurt to call this again.
        let number_of_grants = self.kernel.get_grant_count_and_finalize();
        let mut used = 0;
        self.kernel.process_map_or((), app, |process| {
            for i in 0..number_of_grants {
                if let Some(grant_ptr) = process.get_grant_ptr(i) {
                    // If the pointer at that location is not NULL then the
                    // grant memory has been allocated and the grant is
                    // being used.
                    if !(grant_ptr.is_null()) {
                        used += 1;
                    }
                }
            }
        });

        (used, number_of_grants)
    }

    /// Returns the total number of times all processes have exceeded
    /// their timeslices.
    pub fn timeslice_expirations(&self, _capability: &dyn ProcessManagementCapability) -> usize {
        let count: Cell<usize> = Cell::new(0);
        self.kernel.process_each(|proc| {
            count.add(proc.debug_timeslice_expiration_count());
        });
        count.get()
    }
}