Trait kernel::component::Component

source ·
pub trait Component {
    type StaticInput;
    type Output;

    // Required method
    fn finalize(self, static_memory: Self::StaticInput) -> Self::Output;
Expand description

A component encapsulates peripheral-specific and capsule-specific initialization for the Tock OS kernel in a factory method, which reduces repeated code and simplifies the boot sequence.

The Component trait encapsulates all of the initialization and configuration of a kernel extension inside the finalize() function call. The Output type defines what type this component generates. Note that instantiating a component does not instantiate the underlying Output type; instead, the memory is statically allocated and provided as an argument to the finalize() method, which correctly initializes the memory to instantiate the Output object. If instantiating and initializing the Output type requires parameters, these should be passed in the component’s new() function.

Using a component is as follows:

let obj = CapsuleComponent::new(configuration, required_hw)

All required resources and configuration is passed via the constructor, and all required static memory is defined by the [name]_component_static!() macro and passed to the finalize() method.

Required Associated Types§


type StaticInput

An optional type to specify the chip or board specific static memory that a component needs to setup the output object(s). This is the memory that static_buf!() would normally setup, but generic components cannot setup static buffers for types which are chip-dependent, so those buffers have to be passed in manually, and the StaticInput type makes this possible.


type Output

The type (e.g., capsule, peripheral) that this implementation of Component produces via finalize(). This is typically a static reference (&'static).

Required Methods§


fn finalize(self, static_memory: Self::StaticInput) -> Self::Output

A factory method that returns an instance of the Output type of this Component implementation. This is used in the boot sequence to instantiate and initialize part of the Tock kernel. This factory method may only be called once per Component instance.

To enable reusable (i.e. can be used on multiple boards with different microcontrollers) and repeatable (i.e. can be instantiated multiple times on the same board) components, all components must follow this convention:

  • All statically allocated memory MUST be passed to finalize() via the static_memory argument. The finalize() method MUST NOT use static_init!() or static_buf!() directly. This restriction ensures that memory is not aliased if the component is used multiple times.